Ezekiel Chapter Summary Ezekiel Chapter Summary Ezekiel Chapter Summary Ezekiel Chapter Summary

The following is taken from the Book of Old Testament Summaries

  1. (595/592 B.C.?) Ezekiel (age 30?) receives visions in captivity in Babylon, by the River Chebar, in the 5th year of king Jehoiachin's captivity, taken in the second group, 597 B.C. Vision of the whirlwind with four creatures, each like a man with four faces: a man, lion, ox, and eagle. They move in unison, without turning -- going forward, backwards, and in all directions. Lightning emanates from them. A vision of four wheels under them, moving in unison, with the spirit seen in the wheels. Their wings make sounds as the roar of the sea, or the voice of God. A crystal firmament is seen above their heads, with a throne and a Manpresent in it, a rainbow-like glow, or halo surrounding it. God's glory is evident; Ezekiel falls to the ground face down in awe!
  2. The Voice speaks, commanding Ezekiel to stand. Being lifted by the spirit, he listens. God converses with Ezekiel concerning Israel's continued rebellious nature. He is not to be afraid of them when he prophesies to them, nor is he to be hesitant in speaking. Receives a vision of a scroll written on both sides, displayed before him, containing lamentations, mournings, and woes, with instructions for its eating.
  3. Before speaking its words to Israel, though a stranger will better listen, ordered to eat the scroll in its entirety. Tasted as sweet as honey. He is to receive all God's words to his own heart before speaking them to others. He is given a look of authority to face his audiences. Now lifted up from the Earth by the spirit, upheld by the hand of God, transported to Telabib by Chebar, in the place of a colony's captivity, likely his own, sitting among them astonished for the first seven days. God finally speaks, instructing him to warn the wicked and personally held accountable if he fails. A warning so given to both the wicked and righteous! Now commanded to go into the plain to meet God for further instructions. Sees Him as before, falling to his face, lifted up, receiving orders to be bound for a season for a sign, silent in his own house. His first words given to say when ended: Listen if you will, don't if you won't!
  4. [The following 4 Chapters detail Israel and Jerusalem's condition and judgment.] Instructions for the construction of a tile model of the besiegement of Jerusalem as a sign for their judgment. Instructed to lie on his side as a sign for 390 days (LXX records 190) for Israel's long captivity, the other side 40 days for Judah's remaining, prophesying all the while toward Jerusalem (1 day = 1 year). Bound by God on each side while doing so. His diet also specified as a sign. Ezekiel objects to the unclean fire material; God compromises. This done as a sign of famine to come to Jerusalem. They will know their sins are responsible.
  5. (594 B.C.?) [Signs of Jerusalem's siege continues.] Ezekiel is instructed to shave his head and beard, with specific details for disposal: 1/3 to burn, 1/3 to cut up, and 1/3 to scatter to the wind, with a few saved. Jerusalem is condemned for changing His judgments into wickedness, failing to walk in His statutes. God Himself will be their judge, delivering a severe judgment such as never before seen, nor to be repeated. They will resort to eating their own flesh and blood! A 3-fold judgment: 1/3 to die by famine, 1/3 by the sword, and 1/3 scattered; then they shall know God is serious about His business! To be a reproach to all nations. Four great terrors will be sent upon them: (1) famine, (2) wild beasts, (3) pestilence, and (4) the sword.
  6. [Prophecy against Israel.] Her high places, idols, and altars are condemned. Their land will be made desolate, then they will know just who is God! A remnant among the nations will remember Him. He tires of their whorish ways therefore judgment will come upon all, both far and near, just as they had been told in His Word since the days of Moses. Men shall fall in the act of their idolatrous worship. Then they will know just who is God!
  7. [Israel's prophecy continues.] Her time is come, with no compassion from God in their judgment. Disaster after disaster. Injustice and pride their downfall. The sinner will not escape. Make no plans for tomorrow; judgment is now upon them. Fear replaces strength, their money useless. Their idols He will pollute and His face will be turned from them. Heathens will possess their houses and a chain made to lead them captive. Peace departs, visions perish, and the land is lawless. Then they shall know that He meant business!
  8. [The following 4 Chapters detail Ezekiel's visionary trip to Jerusalem.] At home, in exile in Babylon, in the 6th year, the vision begins (ending at 11:25). Transported to Jerusalem to the inner gate. Shown a major idol God utterly abhors with great jealously. Scene at the north gate, gate of the Altar, an image also of jealousy. Scene inside the Temple: a hole in the wall, going in sees 70 elders secretly offering incense to strange idols, believing that God doesn't see them, having forsaken the Earth. [See Isa.29:15; Je.22:24.] Scene at the gate again: women weeping for Tammuz, god of fertility -- dead. Scene in the inner court: 25 sun-worshipers. God is provoked with the thumbing of their noses at Him and polluting the land. His fury will have no pity. Their cry will not be heard!
  9. [Vision of the idolaters' judgment.] God summons 6 men for judgment on the Temple. They arrive by way of the higher gate. They receive their instructions. Those with His mark now placed upon their foreheads, who mourn at the sight of sin, are to be spared, all others killed, beginning with the elders in the Temple. A great slaughter ensues. Ezekiel appeals for mercy. God answers with recompense upon their iniquity. The man of ink, who earlier marked the righteous, reports his mission accomplished.
  10. God's glory now seen and heard in the Holy of Holies. Recognizes now the creatures under God to be the cherubims seen in his first vision (1:8). Coals of fire are to be taken from between them and scattered upon the city, marking His judgment that is now come to Jerusalem. God's glory lifts from the Temple. (See 43:4.)
  11. Lifted up to the east gate of the Temple, Ezekiel sees 25 elders who give false counsel of peace. He is to prophesy to them that God knows their thoughts. They are to be delivered for judgment to strangers, then they will know that He is alive and means business! Repeats their sin. As Ezekiel prophesies, Pelatiah, a prince, dies. Concern for a remnant. God concurs, even though they don't deserve to be spared! However, they will return with a new spirit, a heart of flesh, not stone, and will then be His people and He their God. God's glory ascends from the city to the mountain on the east side. (See 43:1-4.) Ezekiel returned to Chaldea (Babylon) in the spirit, to the people in captivity. Informs them of all his visions.
  12. [The people's disbelief leads to another sign and prophecy.] Instructed to pack and move at night, through a wall, with face covered so as not to see the ground, as a sign to Jerusalem and Zedekiah. They will be brought to Babylon, the king blinded, and there die. Many will be scattered, with a remnant to return. Famine, sword, pestilences, and the land desolated again promised, and then they will believe! God changes their proverb of prolonged days with failed visions to all that was before seen and spoken finally will come upon them. He will do what He has said; count on it!
  13. [His prophecy to the numerous false prophets in both Jerusalem and the captivity in Babylon.] They are like jackals. God has not sent them. They have spoken vanity and seen lies. They are not to be written among His people. The results of their false prophecy was an insecure wall, tempered with self-confidence, which God will destroy; He was to be their wall for security, tempered with the mortar of prayer! Their false visions of peace will fail. [Prophecy to the women prophets.] Their ways will also end. Their devices, once used to snare souls -- destroyed. Their lies made the heart of the righteous sad whom God has not made sad, therefore, He will end their ways and deliver His people from them.
  14. Idolatrous elders come to Ezekiel seeking counsel from God. God is outraged! Their estrangement from Him is the result of the idols in their hearts! Instructed to repent. Their sin is 3-fold: (1) they turned from God, (2) putting idols in their hearts, (3) set stumbling-blocks before their own faces. (See Rom.1:17-32.) God will answer them directly; the unrepentant will be cut off! God's purpose for judgment is 4-fold: (1) to go no more astray, (2) to be polluted no more, (3) to be His people once again, and (4) that He be their God again. The witnesses of Noah, Daniel, and Job are against the land during a severe 4-fold judgment: (1) famine, (2) terrifying beasts, (3) the sword, and (4) pestilences. A remnant spared. God's judgment is justified!
  15. [Parable of the vine tree. See Jn.15.] No good for wood, not even fire, burns at both ends, charred in the middle. Jerusalem given to the fire, as the vine tree, to be burned. The land desolated because of their trespasses.
  16. [An allegory of Jerusalem's (Israel) heritage.] Her father, a Canaanite, and mother, an Amorite. (Nations who rejected all knowledge of God.) As a babe, abandoned, found, adopted, and raised up by God Himself, planted in the land to live like a choice vine, much blessed by Him, chosen by Him, betrothed to Him. She was cared for, cleaned up, anointed, clothed in rich apparel, adorned -- a bride fit for Himself, their King. But she trusted in her own beauty -- her tragedy; her shame: she gave herself to others; her sin: God's gifts to her, she gave to her lovers as well as her worship of their false idols. As if this was not enough, she even gave them her children had from Him (sacrifices by fire). She failed to remember her earlier condition when she was an infant, when God took her in for care. She made high places, whored after other nations (Egypt and Assyria), and still unsatisfied. Such a weak heart! She was guilty of prostitution, but did not receive the pay; in fact, she paid her lovers (tribute)! Without their affection, she went foolishly after them. Her lovers will be gathered to look upon her nakedness when exposed by God. She will be judged as the harlot she is, and shall give no more for hire. Then God will cease from her. The mother of proverbs: "As is the mother, so is her daughter." (Canaan and Jerusalem.) Judah was worse than Sodom and Samaria, they more righteous than her. (Sodom, Samaria, and Judah to be restored and they to serve her.) So bad even Edom and the Philistines despise her. God will make with her a new everlasting covenant after she realizes her shame, never to open her mouth again!
  17. [A parable of 2 eagles, a cedar, and a willow.] First = Babylon. Second = Egypt. Babylon will advance on Jerusalem, taking the king captive, setting up a vassal. He will rebel, seeking help from Egypt, but to no avail. He will be taken and his bands shall fall by the sword. An epilogue, messianic prophecies. The high tree brought low, the low exalted; the green tree dried up, the dry to flourish. (Nations and kings.)
  18. Israel's proverb of sour grapes to end. All souls belong to God. The sinning soul will die for his own iniquity. The just man is described: an observer of the Mosaic law (each is listed). The unjust son; the just son. Each individual responsible for his own actions. If the wicked repent, he will live; if the righteous becomes wicked, he will perish, his works insufficient for saving him. Israel thinks this is unfair? God's way is equal, not theirs! Judgment will be according to one's own works. Although not a work but a gift to one who is willing to receive it, repentance is possible; a new heart and spirit will be given as well. God takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked, would rather they repent and live!
  19. [A lamentation for the princes, successors to David's throne.]
    The lions (Jehoahaz taken to Egypt, Jehoiachin to Babylon).
    The vine (Israel) with strong rods (kings: David and Solomon?) exalted, but descendants later plucked up in God's fury and planted in Babylon (dry ground). Devoured by her own kings and consumed by fire.
  20. [7th year of captivity. Israel's sinful history.] Certain evil elders inquire of God through Ezekiel. Rejected by God. Ezekiel to judge them, to recount their heritage and His instructions in the days of old. Remind them that their fathers refused Him also, but He spared them, brought them into the land of promise for His own name's sake. Still they abandoned Him. He gave them over to idolatrous worship (even burning their own children) hoping they would return, but they refused. Now they are just as guilty as their forefathers. Even if they refuse Him, He will rule them. They cannot escape Him. God will again speak to them, face to face, as He did in the days of Moses. Rebels to be purged. Away with you, if you won't listen, but you will stop offering to Him polluted worship. Israel to serve Him in His mountain, sanctified before the heathen. Their knowledge of Him and their sin will be their shame. They will be His people because of God's grace, not their ceremonial deeds. Prophecy against the forest to the south (Negeb). Ezekiel is accused of talking in riddles.
  21. (593 B.C.?) [Prophecy against Jerusalem, the sword of the Lord against all flesh, from the north to the south (Ammon), and to their holy places.] Ezekiel to sigh to them about the news. Hearts will melt, hands feeble, spirits faint, and knees weakened at the tidings. Another prophecy of a sharpened sword. Ezekiel to cry, howl, smite his thigh, and clap his hands at the testing sword that will slash right and left. God Himself will clap when His fury ceases. Another prophecy for Ezekiel to appoint 2 ways for Babylon to advance, with sign posts at their heads. Babylon advances, casting lots three ways to determine whether to go south first to Ammon, or north to Jerusalem. Jerusalem is confirmed by all three (arrows, idols, and liver). Jerusalem disbelieves their time is now. Besieged, their king to be removed and given later to a rightful one (Christ). Prophecy to the Ammonites: though spared for now, their judgment will come later, and they will be remembered no more.
  22. [Prophecy against Jerusalem.] Jerusalem, a bloody city. All guilty, from the princes down. True religion has not been observed: the strangers oppressed, widows and the fatherless vexed, and the Sabbath profaned. They have forgotten God therefore His hand is against them. They will be dispersed, burned in the refining fire, like the dross in silver. Evil acts of the false prophets, corrupt priests, wicked rulers, and evil people. No one found by God to stand up as a strong leader in the land therefore His indignation will come.
  23. [Prophecy of the 2 whoring sisters, Aholah (tent woman) = Samaria (Capital of the Northern Kingdom, Israel.); Aholiabah (my tent is in her) = Jerusalem (Capital of the Southern Kingdom, Judah).] Samaria (Israel) whored after Assyria therefore Assyria will be her judge. Jerusalem (Judah) whored after Babylon therefore Babylon to be her judge. All her lovers to come against her. Egypt she will forget, drinking her older sister's (Samaria) cup of wrath. God's jealousy is furious. Aholiabah's sins enumerated, entered His Temple the same day they offered their children as sacrifices (in Hinnom)! She grows old with adulteries. The righteous shall judge her. Her lewdness to cease and they will know He is God.
  24. (590 B.C.?) [2 years have passed since #20. Parable of the pot.] The boiling cauldron has now come. Jerusalem besieged (588 B.C.) 10th month, 10th day, a day that will live in infamy! (And is observed to this day!) The pot with the choicest of meat. The bloody scum has not been removed! Her pot is rusty. Meat parts (people) to be removed piece by piece, the pot burned by fire to purge her rust (corruption). Unable to remove all, but God will at some time later. Prophecy to Ezekiel concerning his wife's death. As Ezekiel's wife is to him, so is the Temple to God. The people are not to mourn its destruction. Ezekiel's life a sign to the people. A messenger to come to Ezekiel from Jerusalem, after its fall, with the sad news. Ezekiel's mouth then to open and speak freely once again.
  25. [A prophecy now to Ammon. Moab. Edom. Philistia. Continued from 21:28.] Their punishment for delighting in Jerusalem's destruction. [See Prov.24:15-18.]
  26. (588 B.C.?) [2 years since #24. The following 3 Chapters are an 11th year prophecy against Tyre.] She is to be made desolate as a rock. Babylon will be her judge because she delighted in Judah's destruction. A lamentation for her. Great waters shall cover her, never to be found again!
  27. [Another lamentation for Tyre. An allegory of a well-crafted ship.] Once a beautiful city, with strong ships of linen sails and wise pilots, a great army, lacking nothing, with many riches obtained in the great world markets. (Cities enumerated.) All will be lost in the day of ruin. She will sink, never to be raised again to such lofty splendor! Many will mourn her, their loss as well. Their lamentation (vs.32). Kings of many nations will fear because of her horrific destruction.
  28. [Another word from God.] His charge against Tyre: She highly exalted herself, as a god, therefore, she will be shown that she is merely a man, punished by strangers. A lamentation of Tyre as the perfect beauty to God, a garden of God, richly blessed by Him, perfect in all ways, until iniquity entered her, lifting up her heart, corrupting her wisdom. To be brought down by Him. Prophecy against Zidon. They too will know He is God. Pestilences and the sword will come and she will no more be a curse to Israel. God will restore Israel to her land, to plant and build again, after He has executed judgment upon all the nations who cursed her.
  29. (589 B.C.?) [The following 4 Chapters are prophecies against Egypt.] A 10th year prophecy. Her sins enumerated: self-exaltation. Her judgment. Like her crocodile gods, she will be snatched from her fertile pride and cast into the desolate places, dined upon by wild beasts. She was a curse to Israel, now to get 40 years of desolation and dispersion, then restored as a base nation, never to rule over nations again. (True to this day!) 27th year (Jerusalem has already fallen), another prophecy from God: Babylon will come up against her for her wages in judging other nations. The horn of the house of Israel will bud again, and His words will be heard.
  30. (572 B.C.?) [Continuing time period from preceding verses.] Another word, Egypt and her alliances will fall; Babylon will be her judge. Her cities destroyed, a cloud to cover her, then they shall know! [11th year just prior to Jerusalem's fall.] Another word to Pharaoh concerning Egypt's dispersion and desolation, her arms to be broken and Babylon's strengthened.
  31. (586 B.C.?) [2 months later, 1 before the fall of Jerusalem. An allegory of Lebanon's cedars.] Another word to Egypt. Assyria's rise and fall to be a lesson to her. She will suffer like Assyria; again the mention of God's garden, also hell. Brought down to the nether parts of the Earth, to lie with the uncircumcised.
  32. (585 B.C.?) [12th year, 12th mo, 1+ year after Jerusalem's fall. A lamentation for Egypt.] A prophecy to Pharaoh. He thought he was a young lion, but really a monster (crocodile?) of the water. God will cast him upon dry ground, consumed by the beasts and fowls. The heaven will be covered, stars darkened, sun clouded, moon darkened, and many will fear for their own lives when Egypt falls. Babylon's sword will come upon them, beasts beside the waters destroyed, rivers running like oil, thick with blood. (Egypt's gods are here seen destroyed.) [2 weeks later.] Ezekiel to wail for Egypt being cast down into the pit, going the way of many nations before her, because they caused terror in the land of the living. Pharaoh will be comforted in his eternal misery when he sees Assyria, Elam, Meshech, Tubal, and Edom with him in hell (Sheol), lying with the uncircumcised.
  33. Ezekiel finally free to speak to the captives in Babylon. Delivers the message of the watchman of 3:17. He has thus warned them; their blood will not be required of him, but of them, if they fail to heed his words. They now begin to see their sins and seeming hopelessness (vs.10). God answers that He takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked. They will live, if they turn and repent. The plight of the righteous who sins; the plight of the sinner who repents. They do not understand this being fair, nevertheless, God's way is equal, and everyone will be judged after his own ways. [2 months earlier.] Ezekiel's mouth opened at night before the messenger comes with the sad news of Jerusalem's fall. [Delivers 6 night messages.] Israel still does not understand, thinking the land is still theirs to possess. He will show them He has taken it from them by laying it desolate. The people come to hear Ezekiel as an eloquent performer, but fail to take to heart his words to do them. [See James' New Testament letter to the 12 tribes in light of this 33rd chapter, key vs.1:22; 4:17.]
  34. Prophecy against the shepherds of Israel for their unfaithfulness in their duties to the flock of God, taking advantage of them for their own gain, causing all to wander astray. God Himself will remove them from their responsibility and judge them, going after His own flock. He will shepherd and restore them, causing them to lie down in green pastures, finding the lost, retrieving the driven away, restoring the brokenhearted, and strengthening the sick, while destroying the fat and strong (princes and rulers) with His judgment. They have eaten and drunk, leaving little behind, including only polluted water for the flock. The Good Shepherd will judge between the fat and deprived cattle. One shepherd to be set over the flock, the Messiah with an everlasting new covenant of peace established. Dwelling safely with showers of blessings, the heathen will cease from them; none to make them afraid anymore. A plant of renown to be raised up for them, no more famine, nor shame of the heathen. He is their God, they His people.
  35. Prophecy against Edom because she had a perpetual hatred and shed innocent blood of the children of Israel with cruel force. Their judgment: blood shall pursue them, a perpetual desolation, and they will know He is the Lord. They had coveted the possession of Israel and Judah. God heard them in their boasting. Their judgment will be like that of His own people!
  36. Prophecy to the mountains of Israel. God is provoked at the cruel treatment of the residue of His people by the heathen (Edom). His fire of jealousy will destroy them. They will bear their shame and He will restore the land and His people. Promises His people many blessings and better times ahead, and they will know that He is the Lord! They will be no more a reproach among the nations. They were defiled as a woman, becoming profaned among the nations, thus their removal for the required days for sanctification. He will restore the reputation of His name, not because of them, but for His own name's sake. He will be sanctified before their very eyes. They will be cleansed, idols put away, given a new heart of flesh, and a new spirit to walk in His statutes, doing His judgments, to be His people, He their God. Restored, with no more famine, planted in a new Garden of Eden, then all the people (they and the heathen alike) will know that He is the Lord, when the ruined places are restored.
  37. [Vision of the valley of dry bones.] As the dry bones renewed upon the Earth, so too He will resurrect their dry bones from the grave, restoring them to their land. Prophecy of the two sticks: Israel and Judah to be reunited into one kingdom with one king forever. They will be saved, cleansed, and become His people, He their God, with one shepherd, to walk in His statutes and do His judgments. They will dwell in the land given to Jacob, they and their children and children's children. A new covenant of peace given, an everlasting one, and they will be multiplied. His Tabernacle will be with them, His Sanctuary in their midst. Then the heathen will know that He is Lord!
  38. [Prophecy to Gog, of the land of Magog, chief prince of Meshech and Tubal.] He will be turned back with hooks in his jaws, to gather a great army of nations to come again against Israel at the end time. To prepare for now to be called later. Then he will think the evil thought of spoiling Israel's great land and people, and come up against them, easy prey, dwelling in peace, seeing there are no walls to their cities. They will come as a cloud covering the land in the latter days, so He might be sanctified and the heathen know that He is God. His fury shall be great, a great shaking of the whole Earth, mountains thrown down, steep places falling, all fearing. The army will slay each other. A great rainstorm of fire and brimstone. His name will be magnified as the whole planet watches. Then they will know that He is God!
  39. [Continued prophetic judgment upon Gog. Expansion of #38.] They will come and fall upon the mountains of Israel, in the open field, because God has spoken it. A fire will be sent among them and the land of their allies. It is done, the day He spoke of. Israel will gather and use their weapons as fuel for seven years before needing to cut timber. Their bodies will take seven months to bury in a mass grave east of the sea. A search will be made by hired men in the 7th month for the remaining bones marked for the buryers when they come. The place called: Valley of Hamongog, the city, Hamonah (multiplied of Gog). The great sacrificial feast of God for the beasts and fowls upon the fallen bodies, beast and man alike. The house of Israel will know that He is the Lord, their God, from that day forward, and the heathen will know why Israel went into captivity. God will have mercy upon the house of Israel and restore them, overlooking no one. His face no longer hidden, His Spirit poured out upon them.
  40. (574 B.C.?) [25th year, 14th after Jerusalem fell. The closing 9 Chapters detail the restored Temple, land, and people.] In visions, Ezekiel is taken in spirit to Israel, upon a very high mountain. Sees a man whose appearance is like brass, with a line of flax and a measuring reed in his hand. The man tells Ezekiel to set all in his heart he is about to be shown and declare it to the house of Israel. He then proceeds to measure the Temple of God and explain it to him, beginning with the wall. (See vs.5.) Continues with the outer court east gate, with its porch and chambers, pavement surrounding the outer court, and its thirty chambers, and distance from outer to inner court. Outer court north gate and its complex measured. Outer court south gate next. Inner court south gate and its complex. Next, inner court east gate, inner court north gate, and sacrifice and instrument tables. Singers' chambers, house and Altar priests' chambers, porch posts of Temple, and porch.
  41. Next taken to the Temple proper. Posts measured, door, Holy Place, Holy of Holies, chambers each side (3 levels, 90 rooms), House wall, a winding staircase to each level, separate building on west side, porches and door posts, images of cherubims, and palm trees decorating the doors and walls. Altar of wood measured, this the "table that is before the Lord." Two-leaved doors, with cherubims and palm trees upon them, narrow windows on both sides, with thick planks on the side chambers of the House.
  42. Next taken to outer court by north way, over against the separate building. The building, its chambers, walk, and each level of chambers measured. Holy priests' dining chambers and treasury measured. Instructions for their change of garments. Outside measurement of entire complex, a wall of separation.
  43. Ezekiel now at east gate, sees the glory of God return from the east (as he had seen it earlier depart, 11:23). A great noise and the Earth shines, His glory comes into the House by way of the east gate! Taken to inner court where he sees the whole House filled with God's glory now returned (10:18-29). With the surveyor by his side, Ezekiel is addressed by God, "the place of His throne and soles of His feet where He will dwell with Israel forever and His Holy Name, Israel will no more defile, nor the kings..." Reminds them that their past abominations caused Him to take away His glory and brought judgment upon them; now they are to put away their past ways and He will dwell among them. Ezekiel to show and tell the people what he has seen, and that the law of His House is HOLINESS. Altar now measured. God gives to him the ordinances of the Altar, first offerings, sin, for seven days purification of the Altar, and consecrating themselves. On the 8th day God will receive them again and their peace offerings.
  44. Ezekiel brought back by way of the gate of the outward sanctuary and sees the east gate now shut, only to be used by the prince, for God Himself entered that way. Taken to north gate, sees the house filled with His glory, falling to his face. Instructed to mark well what he has seen and heard and tell all to the captives in Babylon, the ordinances of the House, its laws, and the proper entering and leaving. To remind them of their past unfaithful ways and how they defiled the Temple, and who defiled it. No stranger uncircumcised in heart or flesh to enter it. Unfaithful Levites to be ministers in the gates of the House, not to minister unto the Lord, only to the people and their sacrifices. The faithful Levites, sons of Zadok, to minister to the Lord, clothed only in fine linen garments. Their ordinances follow. [Not to wear anything that would cause them to sweat. To change their garments in their holy place before going out to the public. To have regular haircuts, hair never to be shaved, nor too long. Not to drink wine when ministering, nor to marry anyone but a virgin, or the widow of a priest. To teach the people concerning the holy and profane, the clean and unclean. To judge in every controversy, and hallow the Sabbaths. To come near no dead, except family members, then seven days of cleansing and offer his sin offering. God to be their inheritance, nothing else. Everything dedicated to Israel to be theirs. Firstfruits and prohibited foods.]
  45. [Division of land.] Priests' lot, the holy portion for Levites. The city, open to all Israel. The prince's lot: two sections. Rest of land given according to the 12 tribes. Prince's duties relating to judgments and justice, just balances and measurements. Offerings to the prince. Prince's duties concerning his offerings to the Lord, making reconciliation for the house of Israel to the Lord. Offerings on first day of first month and seventh day for sins of ignorance. Passover to be celebrated on the 14th day of first month. Prince's duties concerning the offerings.
  46. [Instructions for Prince's duties] East gate of inner court to be shut except on Sabbath and new moons. Prince's duties concerning his entry and offerings, the east gate open until evening. The prince and people to worship together at the door of the same gate. Prince's duties concerning offerings, his entry. People's entry by north gate, to go out south gate, vice versa. Prince to go in among the people for worship. A man to open the east gate for his departure after his offerings, then gate shut. Daily meal offerings, a continual burnt offering. Laws of inheritance of prince to son and servant. (Son's to be his forever, servant's gift to return to the prince in the year of jubilee.) Prince not to take any of the people's inheritance by oppression, his son's inheritance to be given of his own so the people won't become dispossessed ever again. Priests' boiling chambers for meats: two locations.
  47. [River of life.] Brought to door of House, Ezekiel sees the living waters issue from under the threshold of the east side, passing by the south side of the Altar. Taken outside by way of the north gate, to the east side. Sees the surveyor measure the depth every 1,500 ft. as it continues to become deeper. (Ankle deep at first, until deep enough to swim in, not being able to cross on foot.) Trees on both sides. Waters go toward east country, down into the desert, and out into the sea (Dead Sea?). The sea's waters healed. Everything the river contacts, healed and lives, producing many fish. Marshes and miry places not healed; given to salt. Trees for meat and leaves for medicine. Land borders. Joseph to have two portions. Northern, eastern, southern, and western borders identified. To be divided for inheritance and for strangers among them. Shall bear children.
  48. [Division of land.] Land divided by tribes: Dan, Asher, Naphtali, Manasseh, Ephraim, Reuben, Judah. Oblation portion, Priests' portion, Levites' portion. City, suburbs. Prince's portion (2) Remaining tribes: Benjamin, Simeon, Issachar, Zebulun, and Gad.
    Gates of the wall named after the 12 tribes:
    (3) North Gates  =
    Reuben, Judah, and Levi.
    (3) East Gates   =
    Joseph, Benjamin, and Dan.
    (3) South Gates =
    Simeon, Issachar, and Zebulun.
    (3) West Gates  =
    Gad, Asher, and Naphtali.
    Wall section between gates = 1 ½ mile.
    City's circumference = 6 miles.
    City named: Jehovah-shammah = "THE LORD IS THERE!"
- Author: Ken Livingston
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